Rescheduling and Refinancing Loans
  • 21 Nov 2022
  • 7 Minutes To Read
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Rescheduling and Refinancing Loans

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Payment Holidays
If you are looking for information on setting up payment holidays to help your clients through any difficulties, please see our dedicated payment holidays page.

There might be several reasons that require rescheduling or refinancing a loan, such as unexpected events like a natural disaster that prevent the client from keeping up with the repayments, or as part of a negotiation with the client. On the other hand you may have a client who has been making timely repayments and might just need more principal, which would require you to refinance (top-up) a loan. This section explains both features and how to use them.

Rescheduling

This option allows keeping the same principal balance (or reduce it), but creates a new schedule for the loan and, if needed, different loan terms.

When a loan account is rescheduled, you can redefine all the loan terms that were available when the loan was created, including the loan product, and also change the custom fields or the guarantees.

When rescheduling a loan account, the Loan Amount will be filled in with the original account principal balance and you can adjust that amount by selecting the Reduce Amount box. If you reduce the amount, part of the principal remaining will be written off.

Rescheduling loans form with focus on the current outstanding amount and the option to reduce it

By default, any interest, fees or penalties will be capitalized (written off) on the new account and not transferred from the old one:

  • You can write off balances completely or partially, by adjusting the amounts in the Outstanding Balances section.
  • Disbursement fees (deducted/capitalized/upfront) will not be displayed anymore in reschedule form.
  • The only fees which are transferred from the old account to the new one are Late Repayments Fees and Payment Due Fees.

Both the original and the newly created accounts will have a Transfer transaction logged, to indicate the amount of principal that was rescheduled.

Please Note
When rescheduling a loan, the previous loan account will then be closed and replaced by the new account. You can provide the new loan account ID via API. Since the ID has to be unique, we suggest adding v2 or #2 or A, B, C, or any other prefix/suffix that helps with matching; otherwise, the newly created loan account will be given a default ID that won't help you match the two loan accounts. For more information, see our related API documentation.

Refinancing

This option enables transferring the principal balance plus some additional amount to a new loan account, with new terms.

Loan refinancing allows you to set the Top Up Amount that should be added to the refinanced principal and change the Loan product for the new loan (if applicable).

By default, any interest, fees or penalties will be capitalized (written off) on the new account and not transferred from the old one:

  • You can write off balances completely or partially, by adjusting the amounts in the Outstanding Balances section.
  • Disbursement fees (deducted/capitalized/upfront) are available in the Refinancing Loan Account form to select and save and the same fees would also be available at disbursment.
  • You can preview the schedule with fees in the refinancing form.
  • The fees that are required on the product will become optional. The only fees that are transferred from the old account to the new one are Late Repayments Fees and Payment Due Fees.

The new loan account will be in Partially Disbursed account sub-state and you will need to disburse the top-up amount, in a Disbursement transaction. No other transactions can be posted on the account until the top-up amount is disbursed.

Please Note
When Refinancing a loan account, the fees that were marked as Required when the Loan Product was defined will become Optional and can be applied on the Refinanced loan account at disbursement.
Please Note
The options to select fees during refinance and preview the schedule with fees are only available for Dynamic loans and Tranched loans.
Please Note
When refinancing a loan, the previous loan account will then be closed and replaced by the new account. You can provide the new loan account ID via API. Since the ID has to be unique, we suggest adding #2 or A, B, C, or any other prefix/suffix that helps with matching; otherwise, the newly created loan account will be given a default ID that won't help you match the two loan accounts. For more information, see our related API documentation.

How to reschedule or refinance a loan account

To reschedule or refinance a loan, you need the Reschedule/Refinance Loan Account permission, as well as the permission to Create Loan Accounts.

To reschedule or refinance a loan account, open the account  > select Close > Reschedule or Refinance.

Close drop-down with options like Pay-Off, Refinance, Reschedule and Write-Off

Please Be Aware
The Reschedule and Refinance options are only visible when it is possible to perform those actions on an account. The options are removed from the menu when:
  • the account principal balance is 0
  • the account is locked
  • the account is partially disbursed

Filling out the form

Loan Product

By default, the new loan account is created under the same loan product like the original account, but you choose a different loan product if necessary.

Keep the same account ID

When you reschedule or refinance a loan, you can choose whether to keep the same account ID for the new loan. To keep it, select the Keep same account ID checkbox.

Keep same account id option in the Rescheduling or refinancing a loan dialog

Please Note

After refinancing or rescheduling a loan, the account ID of the refinanced or the rescheduled loan is the same as the account ID of the original loan. However, the account ID of the original loan, which is closed, will be updated with a new ID which will depend on whether the product settings have incremental or random ID generation. For more information, see Setting up new loan products - New account settings.

Example

Consider you have a loan product with random ID generation settings consisting of four letters and three digits.

You create a new loan and the ID MADI459 is automatically generated. Then you reschedule or refinance the loan and you select the Keep the same ID checkbox. The new account will have the same account ID MADI459 and the ID of the old account will be updated to, for example, ABCD123. If you reschedule or refinance the account with the ID MADI459 again and you select the Keep the same ID checkbox, then again, the active refinanced or rescheduled account will have the ID MADI459 and the old account, which is closed, will be updated to a new ID, for example, WXYZ123.

To get the details and transactions of all the versions of the account, use the get details of previous versions and the get transactions for all versions endpoints in our API 2.0.

Outstanding balances

The default amounts are 0 but you can specify the amount of interest, fees and penalties to be capitalized on the new account.

Account terms

Loan amount

By default, the amount displayed here corresponds to the principal that was still due in the loan you're now rescheduling or refinancing.

Interest rate

By default, this will be the same interest rate that was being applied to the previous account, but it can be changed according the selected loan product.

Disbursement details

Enter the disbursement and first repayment date of the new loan.

Schedule preview

After entering the new terms you can see how the repayment schedule will look like by just selecting Preview Schedule.

Association

By default, the new loan is associated to the same branch as the initial loan.

Account notes

Add all the information you consider relevant about the rescheduled or refinanced loan.

Please Be Aware
If you are rescheduling into the same loan product of the original account, the rescheduled or the refinanced loan will need to comply with the currently applicable loan product rules. If the original loan parameters differ from the current loan product settings (for example, the interest rate that the loan had before is higher than currently applicable), you will receive an error message and won't be able to reschedule / refinance.
When a new loan account is created at rescheduling or refinancing, the old loan account's custom fields are copied to the new loan account. This is the equivalent of adding those custom fields to account, and therefore the user performing the reschedule or the refinance operation must have permission to edit all the applicable custom fields.

Undo a Reschedule or a Refinance

If you rescheduled or refinanced a loan under wrong loan terms or by accident, you can undo this action.

To do so:

  1. Open the account.
  2. On the right-hand side of the screen, select More > Undo Reschedule or Undo Refinance.
  3. Confirm by selecting Close.

Mambu will reactivate the original account and change the status of the new account to Closed (Withdrawn).

For audit purposes, the Transfer transactions are kept on both accounts, but these transactions will be reversed.


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